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Surviving "Mother Nature's" Disasters

Why learn about natural disasters? Because we want to survive! I do — don't you? Let's get started...

Surviving Natural Disasters

Some disasters are easily predicted by our learned "weather" people. Other type of disasters happen without warning. Preparing for all types of disasters in advance is important for our family's survival. "In advance" is the key phrase here — which means we need to plan.

Two things you can do to prepare for the unexpected — prepare 72 hour kits for each family member and develop a family communications plan. These are needed whether the emergency is natural or man-made.

Disaster survival will depend on you learning about the area you live in and if it is vulnerable to certain types of natural disasters.

For instance, I live in earthquake country (not California!) - in Utah. Although there have been only a few small ones in my lifetime, we have been expecting the "big one" for longer than my days on this earth. We're "over due" for it, they say.

So which natural disaster is your area likely to have?

Hurricanes

hurricane season

HURRICANE SEASON

Do you live in hurricane country? Begins every year around June 1st!

Learn what to do before, during, and after a hurricane

A hurricane is a type of tropical cyclone, the generic term for a low pressure system that generally forms in the tropics. The ingredients for a hurricane include a preexisting weather disturbance, warm tropical oceans, moisture, and relatively light winds aloft. A typical cyclone is accompanied by thunderstorms, and in the Northern Hemisphere, a counterclockwise circulation of winds near the earth's surface. All Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico coastal areas are subject to hurricanes or tropical storms.

Hurricanes can produce widespread torrential rains. Floods are the deadly and destructive result. Excessive rain can also trigger landslides or mud slides, especially in mountainous regions. Flash flooding can occur due to the intense rainfall. The speed of the storm and the geography beneath the storm are the primary factors regarding the amount of rain produced.

Tornadoes

TORNADO SEASON

Do you live in "tornado alley"?

tornado

Tornadoes are nature's most violent storms. Originating from powerful thunderstorms, tornadoes can uproot trees, destroy buildings, and turn harmless objects into deadly missiles. They can devastate a neighborhood in seconds.

A tornado appears as a rotating, funnel-shaped cloud that extends to the ground, with whirling winds that can reach three-hundred miles per hour. Damage paths can be in excess of one mile wide and fifty miles long. Every state is at some risk from this natural disaster.

Floods

FLOODS

Are you vulnerable to flooding?

Learn what to do, and know, before, during, and after a flood.

floods

Historically, flooding is the single most common natural disaster in the U. S. However, not all floods are alike.

A river flooding can take days, whereas a flash flood can develop quickly, sometimes in just a few minutes, without any visible signs of rain.

 

Earthquakes

EARTHQUAKES

Do you live in earthquake country?

Learn what to do before, during, and after an earthquake.

earth quake

Earthquakes with their sudden shaking can cause buildings and bridges to collapse, telephone and power lines to fall, and result in fires, explosions, and landslides.

Earthquakes can also cause huge ocean waves called tsunamis, which travel long distances over water until they crash into coastal areas.

Disaster survival from earthquakes has had, over the years, some contradictory advice from various organizations. Check out these links for the latest suggestions.

Wild Fires and Forest Fires

WILD & FOREST FIRES

Everyone every where is vulnerable to fires!

forest fire

If you live on a remote hillside or in a valley, prairie, or forest where vegetation is plentiful, your residence could be vulnerable to wildland fire.

These fires are usually triggered by lightning or accident, and hopefully, NOT by people who are careless with cigarettes or camp fires.

Winter Storms and Extreme Cold

WINTER STORMS/COLD

Living in a 4 season area makes us vulnerable to winter storms.

winter storms

Heavy snowfall and extreme cold can immobilize an entire region. Even areas that normally experience mild winters can be hit with a major snowstorm, ice storm, or extreme cold. The impacts include closed highways, blocked roads, downed power lines and hypothermia.

You can protect yourself and your family from the many hazards of winter by planning ahead.

Heat Stroke and Heat Exhaustion from Extreme Heat

EXTREME HEAT

Do you live in a hot climate?

Learn what to do before and during an extreme heat emergency.

First aid for heat-induced illnesses.

heat stroke

Heat kills by pushing the human body beyond it limits. Under normal conditions, the body's internal thermostat produces perspiration that evaporates and cools the body. However, in extreme heat and high humidity, evaporation is slowed and the body must work extra hard to maintain a normal temperature.

Most heat disorders occur because the victim has been overexposed to heat or has over exercised for his age and physical condition. The elderly, young children, and those who are sick or overweight are more likely to succumb to extreme heat.

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